It’s easy to get drowned in all the long, tedious skincare routines that beauty gurus on YouTube or Pinterest offer. There are endless products that all claim to do almost the same thing and it might get very confusing on what to use. Also, it can be scary to slap any chemical not knowing what harm it could do. Therefore, we’ve listed out every major kind of skin care product that you could find in the market and tell you what it does.

1. Face Wash –

Even if you are too busy to use anything on this list on a daily basis, a face wash is a must. Soap bars leave your skin dry and may severely damage it while face wash is gentle. It is the first and the most important part of your skincare.

How/When to use it? 

Use it twice a day and every time after your skin is faced with the pollutants in the atmosphere.

Which one? 

For oily skin-  Neutrogena Deep Clean Foaming Cleanser

For dry skin- Aroma Magic Lavender Face Wash

For combination/ normal skin-  Garnier Skin Naturals Pure Exfoliating

2. Cleanser

The second part of your skincare is a cleanser. It is used to remove all kinds of dirt, oil and make-up from your face. There are lots of different kinds of cleansers available- oil, cream, foam, water-based etc.

Is it any different than a face wash? 

Yes, dermatologists say that cleansers are more effective in getting rid of the dirt from your face than face wash or bar soaps are. It also does not contain a chemical called

How/When to use?

After washing your face, massage a cleanser nicely into your face and then wipe it out. Don’t wash your face as wiping is when you take the dirt off. It should leave a black/ brown substance or the colour of your foundation. It’s the dirt or makeup coming off!

Which one to use? 

Oily Skin- Active cleansers like  Neutrogena Deep Clean Facial Cleanser,

Combination or normal skin- Foaming cleansers like Kaya Skin Clinic Skin Awakening Rinse

Dry, Sensitive, Dehydrated skin- Cream based, alcohol-free cleansers like Khadi Mauri Herbals Purifying Cleansing,  Himalaya Herbals Refreshing Cleansing Milk

3. Toner

Now, when you use cleansers that are oil based or such, it is very likely that they leave a layer of it on your face. So toner is the last step in your cleansing routine, to remove all the last bits of dirt oil that might be left. Moreover, Toners leave your skin pleasantly wet so it makes it easier to blend in moisturizers or makeup. So it’s not just an important part of your skincare but also your makeup routine.

How/When to use?

Spray your face with a toner and rub it all over with a cotton ball before applying moisturizer or an SPF.

Which one to use?

For oily skin- Biotique Bio Cucumber Pore Tightening Freshener With Himalayan Waters

For dry skin- Plum Green Tea Alcohol-Free Toner

For combination or sensitive skin- Optimals White Balancing Toner Normal/Combination Skin

4.  SPF

It stands for Sun Protection Factor and the SPF value measures how well a sunscreen can protect your skin from UVB rays. (Note: It’s different from UVA). It is recommended to use a cream which says SPF 15, SPF 30 or SPF 50. Just because a cream has a higher rate of SPF than that does not mean it provides more protection.

How/ When to use it?

It is important that at least 2mg of it is applied for every cm2 of your skin. If you apply less than that, it may not work. Apply right before going into the sun or after applying toner in the morning.

Which one to get? 

For all skin types: Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Dry-Touch Sunblock SPF 50+

5. Moisturizer

This is used to make the outer layer of your skin softer. They hold the water in the skin thus keeping it hydrated. So if you’re suffering from dry, dehydrated skin then moisturizer is probably what you need. A good layer of moisturizer with primer also helps prevent cakey foundation or bad chemical effects from the make-up. Ps. If you get a moisturizer that already has an SPF, you can eliminate one product from your skincare routine!

How/When to use: 

Rub it all over your skin and not just face. You can get products that are specifically made for certain parts, like hand cream or foot cream but if you’re looking to shorten your skin care routines an all body one works fine too. Apply it right after the toner, before the toner can dry up. You can also mix in face oils (Read: Part II) for better results.

Which one to get: 

Skincare under eye cream

6. Spot treatment

If you’re dealing with acne, early wrinkles, redness etc. applying spot treatment gels on them and leaving it overnight will help kill the bacteria on it and prevent spreading. Most spot treatments irritate the skin so we’ve searched for some that your skin will love. Only include this in your skincare if you’re struggling with a problem like acne. This is not an everyday product.

Which one to get:

For anti agingRyaal Anti-Aging Vitamin C 20% Serum

For acne– Kaya Skin Clinic Pigmentation Reducing Complex 

7. Serum-  

Whilst moisturizers are used to soften the outer layers of the skin, serum digs it’s way into the deeper layers and moisturizes and hydrates it. They may be on a little of an expensive side so if you’re on a budget, you might not want to include it in your skincare routine.

How to use:

Use a couple of drops for your face and neck after the spot treatment. Before going to bed is the right time to use it.

Which one to get:

For combination skin-Synaa Rose Face Serum – Premium

For sensitive skin- MIXIFY® Unloc Skin Glow Face Serum

For oily skin- Activ Skin Radiance 

8. Eye cream- 

 The skin around your eyes is more sensitive and prone to damage than the rest of your face. This is why it is important to use a good under eye cream. They tend to be thicker and contain more oil and active ingredients than your basic moisturizer so no, it’s not the same thing and in our opinion, it’s another vital part of your skincare.

How/When to use?

After the serum, before going to bed. A small amount goes a long way as it is thick and filled with active ingredients.

Which one? 

I-gel

Click here to read the part 2 where we cover everything from lip scrubs to exfoliators and face packs! Share your skincare routine in the comments below.