What are the causes of mouth ulcer
Mouth Ulcer, also called as Canker Sores are painful lesions that develop in the mouth or sometimes at the base of the gums. The occurrence of mouth ulcers can make daily activities like drinking, eating and talking really uncomfortable.
A research shows that women and adolescents are more prone to get affected by mouth ulcers in comparison to men. People with the family history of having mouth ulcers are at higher risk of developing of mouth ulcers on the frequent basis.
This disease is not contagious and usually, the ulcers go away within the span of one to two weeks. However, if you are affected with mouth ulcers for longer duration without any sign of healing, it’s advisable to consult a doctor immediately.
Symptoms that Trigger Mouth Ulcers:
There is no definite medical cause behind the occurrence of mouth ulcers. However, one should consider these factors as symptoms for this oral problem.
- Accidental bite, irritation after dental work, minor mouth injury, harsh brushing on teeth, or sports injury.
- Irritation of toothpaste or mouthwash that contain sodium lauryl sulfate.
- Intolerance or mouth sensitivities to acidic foods or citrus foods like strawberry, pineapple or lemon.
- Deficiency of Vitamin B12, Folate, Iron, and Zinc.
- Presence of Bacteria in Mouth
- Irritation due to dental braces.
- Drinking hot coffee or tea.
- Mental stress or lack of sleep.
- Fungal infection mouth.
- Hormonal changes during menstruation cycle.
However, Mouth Ulcers can also be sign of some more serious conditions which require immediate medical treatment such as:
- Inflammatory Bowel disease
- Diabetes Mellitus
- Celiac Disease
- Behcet’s Disease
Signs for Herpetiform Minor and Major Mouth Ulcers
Mouth Ulcers can be defined in three sections: herpetiform, minor and major.
Herpetiform mouth ulcers are generally appeared at the pinpoint size. This type of ulcer often occurs in clusters of 10 to 100 small ulcers. This disease is only seen among adults and often gets heal within one to two weeks. If the ulcers don’t get healed during this period, it’s time to visit your doctor.
Minor canker sores and in small oval or round shape. They are less painful and gets healed within one two weeks of time without any scarring.
Major canker sores are bigger in size and usually deeper wounds in mouth in comparison to the minor ones. These ulcers are more painful and can take up to six weeks to get healed completely. Major mouth ulcers can also give you long term scaring.
If you are suffering from mouth ulcers for more than two week, get your oral checkup done by the doctor. This is the only way to diagnose your oral problem before the situation becomes more painful.
Ways to Treat Mouth Ulcers?
Most mouth ulcers don’t need treatment. However, if you get mouth ulcers often or they’re extremely painful, a number of treatments can decrease pain and healing time. These include:
- Rinse your mouth thrice daily using salt water.
- Cover your mouth ulcers with milk of magnesia or thick paste made using baking soda and drops of water.
- Apply ice cubes of mouth ulcers.
- Use tea bags on mouth ulcers as green tea contains anti-bacterial properties.
- Take supplements like folic acid, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6 and zinc.
- Use mouth ulcer gel specially made for mouth ulcers (Odingel).
- Use antiseptic mouth wash to lower down swelling and pain.
- Use tooth paste for sensitive teeth to avoid gum irritation.
These are some of the easiest way to get rid of painful mouth ulcers. Yet, if your mouth ulcer problems continue for more than three week, consult oral expert for further diagnose and treatment.
The common mouth ulcer gels available are with following combination:
Choline salicylate solution, Lignocaine hydrochloride & Benzalkonium chloride solution